What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a condition characterized by the presence diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure. These conditions increase the risk of cardiovascular illnesses such as stroke and heart disease. Individually, diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity can lead to vascular damage, but a combination of these illnesses is particularly dangerous. As these conditions are so common, metabolic syndrome is estimated […]

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Fistula Treatment

The treatment of fistulas requires surgery to correct the abnormal connection or passageway that has formed between two organs or vessels. One common complication of fistulas is infection, which needs to combated using an appropriate antibiotics. Treatment ultimately depends on the type of fistula and the associated risks and symptoms. Typically, the treatment approach to fistulas involves: Detailed examination of […]

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Electrolyte Health Importance

Electrolytes are essential substances in the body required for cell function and cell signalling. In the human body, the main electrolytes are: Sodium (Na+) Potassium (K+) Calcium (Ca2+) Magnesium (Mg2+) Chloride (Cl−) Hydrogen phosphate (HPO42−) Hydrogen carbonate (HCO3−). The plus or minus symbol indicates the ionic nature of the substance and its either positive or negative charge as a result of dissociation. Importance of electrolytes These electrolytes […]

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Symptoms of Shaken Baby Syndrome

Also called abusive head trauma, shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is the end result of an infant being violently shaken. It is the main cause of death or neurological injury in infants who are abused. The perpetrators in approximately 90% of all SBS cases are males, typically the biological father of the infants. Quite frequently, child abuse is under-recognized by respective […]

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Lymphedema Care

There are several precautionary steps that can aid in the prevention of lymphedema or relief of symptoms for those with the condition. This is particularly important for population groups that have a notably increased risk of lymphedema, such as those that have undergone treatment for breast cancer. The appropriate care plan involves a combination of skin care techniques, a healthy […]

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What is Krabbe disease?

Krabbe disease is also known by many other names, these include Globoid cell leukodystrophy, Galactosylcerebrosidase deficiency and Galactosylceramidase deficiency. (1, 4) It is a very rare condition that is caused by a genetic defect that affects the nervous system. (2) Types of Krabbe disease There are two main types of Krabbe disease: early-onset (infantile) Krabbe disease late-onset (juvenile- or adult-onset) […]

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Diagnosis of hoarding

Compulsive hoarding is a progressive disease. Diagnosis, like in other mental health conditions, is not straightforward. There are people who hoard but are not compulsive hoarders. These individuals need to be identified when diagnosing the condition. However, these hoarders over years and after a traumatic life event like a bereavement of depressive episode may turn into compulsive hoarders. (1) Hoarders […]

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Future Pandemics

Pandemics are infectious diseases that spread uncontrollably across populations, killing people over vast areas such as continents and even worldwide. Examples of recent pandemics include influenza and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Some examples of potential pandemics in the future are described below. Viral hemorrhagic fevers – Fevers such as Rift Valley fever, Ebola virus, Marburg virus, and Bolivian hemorrhagic fever […]

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What is Acupuncture?

Acupuncture is an ancient practice of medicine. It originated over 2,500 years ago. The procedure of acupuncture has been used to treat and relieve symptoms of a wide range of diseases and conditions. Acupuncture has been used throughout the world unlike other forms of alternative and traditional therapies that have been confined to their national or cultural context. Acupuncture has […]

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What is Batten Disease?

Batten disease is an inherited neurological disease that is often fatal. It usually develops during childhood, between the ages of 5 and 10 years. The earliest symptoms range from being fairly obvious, with a child experiencing seizures or vision problems, through to subtle signs such as mild personality changes or clumsiness. Pathology and manifestations of Batten disease Batten disease is […]

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