Oxidative Stress In Disease

Reactive oxygen species or ROS and free radicals can cause severe damage to the normal cells of the body. This damage can be to the DNA, proteins, and other macromolecules. This damage forms the basis of a wide variety of diseases, most notably heart disease and cancer. There are numerous studies that prove that since these diseases are mediated by […]

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Osteoporosis Drugs

These drugs are approved for the treatment or prevention of osteoporosis: Alendronate (Fosamax®). This drug belongs to a class of drugs called biophosphonates and is approved for both prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. It is used to treat bone loss from the long-term use of osteoporosis-causing medications and is used for osteoporosis in men. In postmenopausal women, it has shown […]

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Causes of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a common, yet serious bone disease affecting one-third of women and one-fifth of men worldwide. Caused by changes in the activity of bone generating and destroying cells leading to overall reduced bone mass density, this article discusses the hormonal, medication and lifestyle factors that contribute to its development. Image Credit: Crevis / Shutterstock.com What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is […]

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Cystitis Prevention

Like urinary tract infections, cystitis is a preventable condition that can be avoided by following simple precautions. Some of the steps that can be taken to prevent cystitis and other urinary tract infections include: Maintaining personal hygiene and keeping the genital area clear. Women should remember to wipe from front to back to reduce the risk of contaminating the urinary […]

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The Prostate

The prostate gland is a small gland that lies beneath the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum in males. The gland surrounds the top end of the urethra which carries urine from the bladder out of the body via the penis. The gland's size may vary with age. It is around the size of a walnut in younger […]

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Cystic Fibrosis Facts

Some of the facts about cystic fibrosis are listed below. CauseCystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that arises due to a mutation in the gene that codes for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). InheritanceEveryone inherits two CFTR genes, one from their mother and one from their father. When a person inherits one abnormal copy of the CFTR gene, […]

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Tamiflu – Oseltamivir Personal Stockpiling

Influenza pandemics have occurred over the past few centuries at intervals of between 10 and 40 years, resulting with high morbidity and mortality, as well as huge economic impacts. Considering the uncertainties regarding the origin, timing and virulence of future pandemic strains, planning strategies for an effective response have become the chief priority of global public health efforts. Many countries […]

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What is Chagas Disease?

Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis is a disease that is caught from infected triatomine bugs or "kissing bugs". The disease can cause serious damage to the heart and stomach. Chagas disease is more common in certain regions of the world including Mexico, Central America and South American countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Colombia, […]

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What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a condition characterized by the presence diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure. These conditions increase the risk of cardiovascular illnesses such as stroke and heart disease. Individually, diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity can lead to vascular damage, but a combination of these illnesses is particularly dangerous. As these conditions are so common, metabolic syndrome is estimated […]

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Fistula Treatment

The treatment of fistulas requires surgery to correct the abnormal connection or passageway that has formed between two organs or vessels. One common complication of fistulas is infection, which needs to combated using an appropriate antibiotics. Treatment ultimately depends on the type of fistula and the associated risks and symptoms. Typically, the treatment approach to fistulas involves: Detailed examination of […]

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