Computer-designed heart valves implanted into sheep for the first time

According to the European Society of Cardiology, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Europe. Each year, 3.9 million people die here from heart disease, which is responsible for 45 % of all deaths on the continent. Heart valve replacement surgery remains the most common treatment for damage or defects in one of the four heart valves. But […]

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Psychology professors’ book on personality sets ‘new standard’ in the field

What is personality? Where does personality come from? How does personality influence health, politics, economics, relationships and other aspects of life? The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences, which is co-edited by Oakland University Psychology Professors Virgil Zeigler-Hill and Todd K. Shackelford, provides a comprehensive analysis of these questions and more. Published in June, the three-volume set consists of […]

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Compounds kill C. diff, don’t affect other gut bacteria in vitro

NC State researchers developed a drug-testing pipeline to help identify compounds that worked against the three stages of Clostridium difficile infection, and found that a compound that holds promise for treating antibiotic-resistant bacteria may also be able to control C. difficile infections by killing the harmful bacteria without affecting other bacteria in the gut. Clostridium difficile, or C. diff, is a bacterium that can […]

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Lipid species offer insights into metabolic health

Heart disease is the number one killer in the United States, and high triglyceride levels in the blood are cited as just one of several risk factors. Millions of lipid panels, blood tests that look at cholesterol levels as well as triglycerides, are performed in clinics each year. Two new Morgridge Institute for Research studies suggest the current tests, which […]

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Smartphone app offers counselling by text

It’s good to talk. Most young people these days find communicating using smartphones or social media isn’t a problem, yet talking about personal issues can still be a difficult and taboo subject. Gavin Dhesi, a former University of Nottingham student, realised there was an obvious gap in mental health support today. He developed a new smartphone app called Spill, which […]

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New study finds toddler ‘talk time’ is a case of follow the leader

Dr Laura Conway, from the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI), is studying how children aged four years and under learn language, with a focus on the one in five children who are slow to talk. “There is evidence that language develops through a mixture of nature and nurture. Children’s early brain development and genetic makeup play a part, and how […]

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Researchers discover insights into amyloids associated with Alzheimer’s and type 2 diabetes

A Virginia Tech research team has discovered insights into the stabilizing forces of amyloid fibrils that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease and type 2 diabetes. These findings were recently published in the Journal of Molecular Biology. Amyloids are aggregates of proteins that form a shape that allows many copies of that protein to stick together to form fibrils. The accumulation […]

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