Hepatitis B—stopping a silent killer

Every year, hepatitis B kills more than 780,000 people around the world, and is the single most serious liver infection, according to the World Health Organization. David Hutton, associate professor of health management and policy at the University of Michigan’s School of Public Health, says early diagnosis and treatment is key to stopping the spread of the disease in the […]

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Startup developing novel treatment for life-threatening lung condition

A Purdue University-affiliated startup developing a novel treatment for a life-threatening lung condition known as acute respiratory distress syndrome, or ARDS, is taking part in a prestigious startup accelerator program where about $2 million in funding is available. Spirrow Therapeutics (formerly Spiro Therapeutics) was selected to be a finalist from a pool of 1,600 applicants to take part in MassChallenge, […]

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Researchers clarify role of mutations in glioblastoma

Researchers from the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center have discovered how different mutations in a specific gene help drive glioblastoma, the most lethal form of brain cancer. In the preclinical study, researchers investigated whether the location of the mutation within the sequence of the PIK3CA gene affected the mutation’s ability to help drive cancerous growth. They also […]

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What separates the strong from weak among connections in the brain

To work at all, the nervous system needs its cells, or neurons, to connect and converse in a language of electrical impulses and chemical neurotransmitters. For the brain to be able to learn and adapt, it needs the connections, called synapses, to be able to strengthen or weaken. A new study by neuroscientists at MIT’s Picower Institute for Learning and […]

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Blood flow in the heart revealed in a flash

Researchers at Linköping University have for the first time been able to use information from computer tomography images to simulate the heart function of an individual patient. Some of the modeling methods they use were developed in the motor industry. The results of their study have been published in Radiology. Computer tomography systems, also known as CT scanners, are found […]

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Existential spirituality can foster happiness, study finds

Existential spirituality may improve health-related quality of life among adults who suffer from neurological illness, according to a new study published in the journal Geriatrics. The Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers who led the study say the results can inform best practices for healthy aging. “For the first time in human history, most people around the world can […]

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Human clinical trial reveals verapamil as an effective type 1 diabetes therapy

Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Diabetes Center have discovered a safe and effective novel therapy to reduce insulin requirements and hypoglycemic episodes in adult subjects with recent onset Type 1 diabetes by promoting the patient’s own beta cell function and insulin production—the first such discovery to target diabetes in this manner. The findings, published today by […]

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Long-term survival worse for black survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest

Blacks who survive cardiac arrest during hospitalization have lower odds of long-term survival compared with similar white survivors, according to new research in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation. Half the difference in 1-year survival rates, however, remained unexplained. Nearly one-third of the racial difference in one-year survival was dependent on measured patient factors. Only a small proportion was explained […]

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Cabozantinib improves survival in advanced hepatocellular cancer

(HealthDay)—Cabozantinib results in significantly longer overall and progression-free survival than placebo among patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, M.D., from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, and colleagues randomized 707 patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma in a 2-to-1 […]

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Simple test to predict likely spread of rare cancer

New QUT research has shed fresh light on how head and neck cancer spreads to other organs and researchers are developing a simple blood test to tell doctors which patients are at risk of spread long before conventional imaging can. The research team, headed by Associate Professor Chamindie Punyadeera, present their findings this week at the international Saliva and Liquid […]

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