Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a common and very serious form of cancer, with more than 40,000 people diagnosed with the condition each year in the UK. The symptoms of lung cancer do not present in the early stages, but when symptoms do eventually present, they usually include the following: Coughing up blood Persistent cough Shortness of breath Unexplained weight loss Unexplained […]

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Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition that affects the production and flow of mucus within the lungs and digestive system, parts of the body that then become clogged with a thick, sticky mucus. Symptoms Symptoms start early on in life, often before a child reaches the age of 1 year old. The symptoms that usually manifest include: Long-term, persistent cough […]

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What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes musculoskeletal pain, tenderness and stiffness in different parts of the body, as well as sleep disturbances and fatigue. People often report that fatigue is the most bothersome aspect of fibromyalgia, since it can affect mood, concentration, memory and the ability to think clearly. Other symptoms include the following: Headaches, Joint disorders Irritable bowel […]

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Cystic Fibrosis Diagnosis

Cystic fibrosis is often diagnosed at birth, through the routine screening of newborns. The disease may also be suspected early on in childhood due to clinical symptoms such as a persistent cough, recurrent chest infections and excessively salty sweat. Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis All newborn babies are screened for cystic fibrosis. A small amount of the baby’s blood is […]

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What is Breast Compression?

The purpose of breast compression is to maintain a continuous flow of breast milk as the baby sucks. This is a technique that helps to ensure more efficient suckling and continued suckling for babies who are small, premature, sleepy or have a weak sucking. Breast compression is useful in some circumstances. These include:- It helps the baby get the more […]

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Oxidative Stress In Disease

Reactive oxygen species or ROS and free radicals can cause severe damage to the normal cells of the body. This damage can be to the DNA, proteins, and other macromolecules. This damage forms the basis of a wide variety of diseases, most notably heart disease and cancer. There are numerous studies that prove that since these diseases are mediated by […]

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Osteoporosis Drugs

These drugs are approved for the treatment or prevention of osteoporosis: Alendronate (Fosamax®). This drug belongs to a class of drugs called biophosphonates and is approved for both prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. It is used to treat bone loss from the long-term use of osteoporosis-causing medications and is used for osteoporosis in men. In postmenopausal women, it has shown […]

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Causes of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a common, yet serious bone disease affecting one-third of women and one-fifth of men worldwide. Caused by changes in the activity of bone generating and destroying cells leading to overall reduced bone mass density, this article discusses the hormonal, medication and lifestyle factors that contribute to its development. Image Credit: Crevis / Shutterstock.com What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is […]

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Cystitis Prevention

Like urinary tract infections, cystitis is a preventable condition that can be avoided by following simple precautions. Some of the steps that can be taken to prevent cystitis and other urinary tract infections include: Maintaining personal hygiene and keeping the genital area clear. Women should remember to wipe from front to back to reduce the risk of contaminating the urinary […]

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The Prostate

The prostate gland is a small gland that lies beneath the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum in males. The gland surrounds the top end of the urethra which carries urine from the bladder out of the body via the penis. The gland's size may vary with age. It is around the size of a walnut in younger […]

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